Thursday, August 27, 2020

Immigration to the United States Essay

What reasons spur individuals to move to the United States? We realize that most newcomers abandon destitution and joblessness in their countries looking for better fortunes in America. In any case, research regarding this matter propose that the reasons for migration are frequently more intricate and various than most accept. The limit of cataclysmic events, ecological emergencies, overpopulation, wars, and common agitation to remove and set moving a huge number of individuals around the world and displaced person and shelter strategies that stretch out alleviation to some non-residents escaping political, ethnic, strict, and sexual orientation oppression. This is nevertheless a short rundown of the various motivations to mass migration to the United States today. Assessing the reasons for U.S. movement can uncover a lot about late workers, their countries, and America’s picture abroad. Daniel Tichenor from the Rutgers University states in his paper U.S.A. Movement, â€Å"The story of the American individuals is an account of migration and diversity.† Each outsider in this nation has an alternate explanation of why the person in question came to the United States. During the time the reasons change for the new migrants; as per the American Immigration Web Page, â€Å"from 1607-1830 the significant reasons were political opportunity, strict resistance, monetary chance, individuals needing a superior life, better occupation, more cash and some had to leave due to slavery.† There are two sorts of inspiration for migration â€Å"push† and â€Å"pull† factors. As indicated by Daniel Tichenor, push factor is â€Å"the need to leave so as to survive.† Push factor is the situation of the individuals that was referenced previously, the individuals that need to leave their nation for political opportunity, strict resistance, and the servitude. A case of this is the situation of Turkey, Morocco, Egypt, and Senegal. â€Å"These nations include men searching for an occupation training, and getting away from mistreatment, and over a period the procedure is trailed by family reunification movement and family development migration†Ã¢ (push and pull elements of International Migration site page). Pull factor is the point at which the individuals are pulled in for what they could have in other nation, as financial chance, better chance of to get a vocation, they need a superior life. It is the situation of Mexico. At the point when Mexicans workers went to the United States; they are searching for better monetary life. The distinction between the dollar and the peso (Mexican coin) is excessively, one dollar in the fact are around eleven pesos with fifty pennies, so Mexican men went to the U.S.A. to find a new line of work, and they for the most part send the cash they procure to their families in Mexico. In a portion of the cases following a couple of years, they carry all their family to the U.S.A. for family reunification. Now and again individuals have both â€Å"pull† and â€Å"push† inspirations to move to the United States; it is the situation of Cubans. Cubans go to the United States for political opportunity, getting away from Fidel Castro, and searching for a superior life and increasingly financial chances. As should be obvious, both â€Å"pull† and â€Å"push† factors in a large portion of the cases end with a similar expression â€Å"family reunification.† Everyone who goes to other nation searching for opportunity or a superior life need more than that, they need a family who share all the beneficial things with, however somebody who needs to live in the United States needs a citizenship or if nothing else a residency to do it. A portion of the nations have a larger number of offices than others to get the vital records to live in the U.S.A. For instance, for Cuba it is simpler than for different nations to get the residency. â€Å"Until 1985, there was no share for Cubans entering the United States by means of ordinary movement techniques as there was for other migrant groups.† previously, both reported and undocumented Cubans who went to the U.S.A. were welcome, â€Å"Cuban undocumented participants have consistently had extraordinary status, while contestants from different nations have been required to show that they were escaping political abuse to be allowed exile status.† It is known for all around theâ world that Cuba has solid political issues, and this is the explanation of why they have this extraordinary status, since 1996 â€Å"the Attorney General has had optional capacity to ensure changeless residency to any Cuban who has been in the United States for a year, including those on visitor’s visas who have outstayed the period outlined in theirâ visas.† (All statements are from the Web Page, Cubans have an extremely solid feeling of social character.) For different nations it is increasingly hard to get the U.S.A. residency, for instance the instance of Mexico. Previously if a youngster had been conceived in the United States, the guardians become U.S.A. residents as same as the youngster. Throughout the years this standard changed, in the reality there are only two different ways to turn into a resident for the Mexicans, the firs one is that you without anyone else present the application to the U.S.A. government office, and hold up until all the procedure is prepared and they’ll call you for the meeting, they the individuals who works in the international safe haven, check all your status, and on the off chance that you spread all the necessities they will give you the U.S.A. residency. The subsequent way is that somebody of your family, and it must be a parent or a sibling, send to the international safe haven a solicitation that state that they need you to be in the nation, after this it is a similar procedure than the first, however you have greater chance to be acknowledge on the grounds that one individual from your family is expecting you to be in the nation. Simply following 5 years you can apply for the citizenship. An issue that new ages could discover is the lost of conventions. For instance before, the offspring of outsiders learned English, yet they didn’t become familiar with their parents’ first language. In any case, this issue could be resolve; as of late, Americans have put more prominent incentive on assorted variety, ethnic gatherings having restoring and praising their legacy, and the offspring of migrants frequently growing up being bilingual. The United States has invited a bigger number of settlers than some other nation, in excess of 50 million taking all things together, and still concedes between 500,000 to 1 millionâ persons every year. In spite of the fact that for certain nations is too hard to even consider being legitimately in the United States, moreâ people need to come, and it is useful for the nation, since we need this individuals, they are the works, the laborers, notable individuals. The individuals have the effect in the nation. Work Cited Page. Tichenor, Daniel J. U.S.A. Migration, Rutgers University, February, 2000. (Migration Web page.) NIDI/EUROSTAT. Push and pull Factor of International Migration, Eurostat. May, 2000 (Push and Pull factors site page.) Cubans have a solid feeling of social character. Cuban Immigration to the United States. February 18, 2004 (Web Page of Cuban Immigration, the date demonstrated is the latest day the page was refreshed.)

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Research paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words

Research paper - Essay Example Type III, normally called Cyclothymia, is a less extreme type of this condition. The individual experiences patterns of gentle craziness and additionally gloom. On occasion, when undetected, it could advance to either the sort I or II variation. Bipolar turmoil is a constant sickness and it essentially influences the way of life of the patient on a social and expert premise, and frequently impedes their psychological working. Sadness is the period of BD that speaks to the best test in the board of the turmoil. Undetected or drawn out misery and daze is an incessant reason for self destruction, and subsequently it is basic that this condition be managed delicately. The downturn: madness proportion in bipolar confusion is 1:3, which reveals to us that the patient invests more energy in an untouched low (Galvez, Thommi, and Ghaemi, 2011) . Heredity and Statistics: The chance of acquiring BD from a formerly analyzed parent is 86-90% and concentrates in the course of recent years have dem onstrated that 9% of unipolar burdensome patients were analyzed as having BD. The self destruction rate in these patients is very nearly multiple times higher, when contrasted with the general solid grown-up populace (Rapoport, Basselin, Kim, and Rao, 2009). Notwithstanding being a social weight, BD has equivalent ramifications on close to home accounts and world economy. Inside the USA itself, the treatment routine ranges from $12000 for a solitary scene of this condition, to an astounding $62K for patients who must be forcefully made do with drugs and other treatment. Ordinarily, manifestations of BD show up by the normal age of 22 years, however are perceived and determined to have a slack time of very nearly 10 years. Considerably after initiation of treatment, the subject may stay suggestive for a noteworthy timeframe, which makes it fundamental to constantly screen and change the treatment convention (Nivoli et al., 2011). It has been accounted for that over 66% of patients ha ve at least one close relative that has been determined to have either unipolar or bipolar gloom, therefore connecting it to heredity (Nivoli et al., 2011). Attributes and indications of individuals with Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms of changing degrees and powers can be seen in this condition. The most widely recognized perception in Type I BD is outrageous temperament vacillations. The highs incorporate fervor, excessively eager conduct, vast vitality, neurotic propensities, liberal musings and a flood in certainty levels. The lows that one regularly encounters are drawn out times of wretchedness, crabbiness, lack of sleep and a general sentiment of depression, frequently joined by periods of weeping for inconsequential or no evident reasons. It is regular to have sentiments of being fragmented, lacking and useless, which in the end finishes into musings and thoughts of self destruction. The sign of this issue is the successive cycling between the high and lows, specifically the insa nity and discouragement, by ideals of which this issue is distinguished. Social Challenges: Needless to specify, social disgrace is regularly experienced by individuals, who know and educated that they are experiencing this disorder. Such subjects intentionally change their conduct, so as to diminish the cases of being dismissed or separated. In the gentle to direct side effects in Type

Friday, August 21, 2020

Using Your Hand in Writing an Essay

Using Your Hand in Writing an EssayWhen it comes to using your hand in writing an essay, use the same strategy as you would use for a school report. That means using elementary school essay samples that you have chosen to use. If you are having difficulty finding the right sample to use then you can always purchase one.You can find a wide variety of essay samples on the internet. This means that you can quickly and easily go to your favorite search engine and simply type in 'essay examples'. You will then be presented with a selection of different sites where you can use essay examples.You will not only find a large selection of free elementary school essay samples. You will also be able to read interesting and thought provoking essays from people who have already found success using these materials. Of course, this is a great way to gain invaluable knowledge from people who have used them to make their own writing much better.The Internet provides free and paid websites that are ded icated to providing high school essays to students. These resources allow you to make suggestions on how the essays should be written, as well as share ideas with other students. You will be able to communicate your ideas in an interactive environment without worrying about losing your material or writing against the assignment.There are many resources that will allow you to write an essay. The major disadvantage to most of these methods is that they require you to spend several hours writing a lengthy essay. Many students find this intimidating and are scared to try them.By using elementary school essay samples you can get started right away. It doesn't matter if you don't have any experience writing essays. The sample you choose will allow you to get started and be confident that you will be able to finish your work in no time.There are several websites that offer free high school essays. These sites will not give you any additional information such as writing skills or informatio n on how to start your essay. All you need to do is put the information you want included in your essay and the site will place the information for you.Using your free essay sample is just as effective as using your college essay. In fact, most of the times the college essay will help you during your high school years. Using a high school essay can really help you make the transition to college much easier.

Monday, May 25, 2020

The Workplace Before the Concept of Diversity - 825 Words

The antecedent of diversity refers to the preceding of diversity- how the global business environment operated before the formal introduction of the diversity concept was incorporated into business operations. The following article is aimed at identifying and examining the workplace before the formal introduction of diversity. For research purposes, first world counties will be analyzed. Before the First World War (1917), diversity was practically non-existent. World War I was the dawn of a small movement towards diversity as minority workers slowly began to reflect a multicultural society, which moved away from the typical white male domination. After the war ended, women were forced to return to being housewives, however, they now possessed new skills. The Womens Bureau of the Department of Labor was formed in 1920 to safeguard women in the workplace. The National Council of Negro Women was founded in 1935 to lobby Congress against racism, sexism and job discrimination ( During the Second World War, there was a need for women to return to the workplace in-order to fill the void created by the departed service men. This was on a larger scale and working environments ventured into services ranging from manual labour to testing pilots. Although most jobs were lost to retuning GI’s, the workplace was forever changed (; women now began to demand jobs. President Harry Truman integrated the U.S. militaryShow MoreRelatedThe Australian Workplace Is A Evolving Environment1483 Words   |  6 Pages The Australian workplace is a constantly evolving environment. When we look at the structure of the Australian workplace environment, we can infer that Australia’s multicultural society has broken down the barriers of uniformity. This both contextual and individual concept is refereed to as diversity. Contrary to popular belief, diversity does not jus relate to gender, race cultural identity. Diversity is categorized into four main categories: organisational, internal, external and personalityRead MoreCultural Diversity in the Workplace Essay968 Words   |  4 PagesErica L. Munsey Cultural Diversity In The Workplace Sociology 220B There is presently more than 60% percent of the United States work force that consist of immigrants, minorities and woman. Current studies show that in the next 10 – 15 years such groups will rise to 90% in the work force. Today’s leaders are now confronted with the challenges of how to effectively manage the work force that is increasing in the diverse lines of ethnicity, physical abilityRead MoreHuman Resource Planning Process For Human Resources804 Words   |  4 Pagesto Dunlap Garvin (2010), good employees can be the key to success in an organization. A human resources department has several important responsibilities that can affect an organization in either a positive or negative way. Three Concepts The three important concepts from this week’s reading are the planning process, recruitment, current issues in human resources. Human Resource Planning Process. The planning process is the first activity for staffing of an organization (Satterlee, 2013). TheRead More Management Essay1393 Words   |  6 Pageson economic results at the expense of more important things or not, and yes, the managers have the tendency to focus on the expense of more important things, the discussion will be demonstrated from the following concepts: contemporary management challenges—downsizing, workplace diversity, restructuring, globalisation and quality; organisational culture in Australia, managers’ role in managing organisational culture. Managers today must be able to solve problems based on the skills and knowledge thatRead MoreDiversity And Inclusion Of An Organization1204 Words   |  5 PagesIn a survey, 24 executives were asked way advancing diversity in their organizations was so important to them. The majority believe â€Å"it was a business imperative because their companies needed it to stay compet itive, and they believed it was a moral imperative because of their companies needed of their personal experiences and values† (Broysberg Connolly, 2013). Steve Reinemund was the first senior leader at PepsiCo to focus on diversity and inclusion from a perspective of changing the entire cultureRead MoreWork Related Cross Cultural Training1017 Words   |  5 PagesWork-related cross-cultural interactions are very often failed costing organisations large amounts of money and significant effort. In addition, according to EEOC reports for 2011, nearly 100,000 filings for workplace discrimination had took place in the private sector, representing an all-time high. Workplace adjustment is another significant reason associated with organisation’s turnover and costs. According to Oberg (1954), people have the tendency to suffer from culture shock when they moved between differentRead MoreManagement Knowledge And Concept Issues During The Foundation Of Management1508 Words   |  7 PagesThere are a lot of the management knowledge and concept issues during the foundation of management from week 1 to week 5. Therefore, I am going to have a discussion on four different areas of the management study which has the most relevant to the effective management of contemporary organization. The four different areas of management which I learnt are the workforce diversity, the principle of the scientific management, Maslows’ theory of human needs, and the ethical behaviors of the organizationRead MoreManaging Multiple Generations in the Workplace1075 Words   |  5 PagesManaging Multiple Generations in the Workplace Diversity is no new thing in the workplace. Many different factors account for this circumstance in the business arena. Gender, race and ethnicity, and age are a few of the major factors that create diversity within the workplace. The latter, age, is one of the more understated and disregarded issue of diversity. But over time, differences in age in the workplace has been growing more and more, generating conflicts that could not be ignored anyRead More5 Management Principles and Concepts1239 Words   |  5 Pages5 Management Principles/Concepts Management is the concept of getting work done through others. This concept began evolving in the 1880’s from being ideas and practices into a field of study. In Chuck Williams’ recent edition of â€Å"Management†, he establishes that there were several instrumental influences on the paradigm shift in the field of management. Those parties include but are not limited to, Fredrick Taylor, Frank and Lillian Gilbreth, Henry Gantt, and Henri Fayol. These parties developedRead MoreCultural Diversity : A Core Value At Tccc Essay1375 Words   |  6 Pagesdefinition of global diversity should encompass an understanding of the differences between cultures and foster internal diversity. Support from top management and clearly communicating the business requirements for diversity and inclusion practices are also important. 4.2 Best Practices Leadership Commitment Diversity begins at the top and because of this it is important that the leadership of Coca Cola is committed to embracing, celebrating, and empowering diversity in order to get the rest

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Education Is The Cure For All Social Problems - 852 Words

This excludes children under 18, but they are welcome to come if they choose. These meetings are all about the citizens and their opinions. This will ensure that the people of Array feel like they have a say in what goes on throughout the city. They cannot say that they feel as if they do not have a say or that their opinion does not matter because they are allowed to attend these meetings and speak up. Located to the south of the community space will be the education area. The education in Array is free to all and required of children from the age of 5 to 18. Similar to the current schooling system in that aspect and Robert Owen’s (1771-1858) belief that education is the cure for all social problems. But it will hold many different types of schools on the campus, feeling as if it is a college or university like area. This idea is influenced by Garnier (1869-1948) who believed specific schools was the leading way to learn. The biggest building will be the general school for students ages 5 to 15. This school is for every type of learning and split up into wings for the different age groups. Although age is a huge factor, education level will be considered the most. Education level will be judged by monthly tests of the students learning and determined by their mentors, which I will go into more detail about below. Around this general school will be sub schools for specific ar eas of study, where the children from 15 to 18 will spend their time. The different schools will beShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Autism On Children And Adults Essay1706 Words   |  7 Pagesfeel not being able to express yourself, or not being understood by others. Think of all the struggles you may go through. This is how many children and adults that are living with Autism feel today. Autism is a serious disease that needs a cure to better the lives of children and adults. Autism is the fastest growing disability in the United States. There are many questions being asked about Autism. Is there a cure for Autism? What causes a child to be born with Autism? Can Autistic adults live independentlyRead MoreSusan G. Komen For The Cure1157 Words   |  5 PagesSusan G. Komen for the Cure I. Attention Step: a. Attention getter: About 85% of breast cancers occur in women who have NO (make sure to emphasize) family history of breast cancer. This disease occurs mainly in women but men can also get it. b. Why should we care? According to (Bender, 2012) 40,000 women and approximately 390 men will die this year from breast cancer. Cancer does not discriminate; it could be someone you know. It could be you. c. d. According to, Breast CancerRead MoreAboriginal Issues For Canada s Health Systems1306 Words   |  6 PagesAboriginal Issues Imagine a world without jobs, education or even no health systems. Well as in today many aboriginals in Canada are living a life compared to this. Indigenous people of Canada, including status Indians, non-status Indians, Mà ©tis and Inuit people are Aboriginal people of Canada.(â€Å"Aboriginal Definition and Terms†) According to a study by the National Household Survey (NHS) 1,400,685 people had an Aboriginal identity in 2011, representing 4.3% of the total Canadian population. AboriginalRead MoreThe Treatment Of Opiate Addiction1334 Words   |  6 Pagesreceiving a daily regime of methadone; this is an agonist substance used in the treatment of opiate addiction. My interview today is with Lakisha Russell, a Licensed Social Worker: she also carries a MHT degree and a LCDC III. Furthermore acquiring a portion of this education at Sinclair. Lakisha is currently employed by Project Cure, as a chemical dependency counselor. The hierarchy at PC. Starts with the CEO Virgil, Deputy Director Denice, Outpatient Supervisor Dr Erving, Lead Counselor SupervisorRead MoreSocial Model And The Medical Model1577 Words   |  7 PagesIn today s society two models dominate, the social model and the medical model. Both are used to label those who have impairments. The social model focuses on fixing the society to fit in with impairments which was introduced alongside the disability movement. The 18th century otherwise knowns as the age of enlightenment saw the introduction of some although very primitive ideas of human science and what may cause impairments with this came the ideals that today may be argued to be held with credibilityRead MoreThe Medical Practice1074 Words   |  5 Pagesdifferent methods of cure vs care. The studies focusing on â€Å"cure† (medico-biological) are mainly about the transform of information about a patient’s condition from doctor to patient. Talk is just a means of communication to gather information about a patient or to explain the appropriate action needed for a cure. These â€Å"cure† studies are focused on outcome, compliance, and overall satisfaction of the patient. â€Å"Care† (socio-relational) approach is the observation of education, ethnic origin, socioeconomicRead MoreNurses And Nursing Interventions Help Increase The Cure Of Patients Diagnose With Tuberculosis Disease?1706 Words   |  7 PagesPICOT Question Will increase knowledge among nurses and nursing interventions help increase the cure of patients diagnose with tuberculosis disease? PICOT element P – Tuberculosis patients I – Empower nurses with new evidence based practices and redirect their nursing practice skills towards early diagnosis of TB disease. Educate the society to be aware of TB disease and encourage them to seek medical help when experiencing any signs of TB. And provide resources to patients on Anti-TB Drugs to helpRead MoreHealthcare Program: Diabetes Information and Education1332 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿Table of Contents Abstract: 3 The purpose of the program: 4 The cost and budget justification: 6 References: 9 Abstract: The healthcare awareness through education of employees is a significant initiative. It is also noted that the businesses can create awareness and positively impact their employees as well as community through such programs. A healthcare educational initiative is proposed in the below section. It clearly identifies the purpose of the program, target audience, and benefitsRead MoreHIV/AIDS Research Paper1253 Words   |  6 PagesHIV/AIDS Throughout history, few illnesses have carried as much significance as Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS. Similar human catastrophes have presented in our history such as, bubonic plague, leprosy and tuberculosis. All of these dreaded sicknesses have caused pain and suffering across cultures. Pain is associated with the physical distress of the patient, suffering is culturally distinctive, it describes the affliction of the human spirit and how community members cope with it.Read MoreModels of Disability941 Words   |  4 PagesOrganization (WHO) established a new definition of disability, declaring it an umbrella term with several components: * impairments:  a problem in body function or structure * activity limitations:  a difficulty encountered by a person in executing a task or action * participation restrictions:  Ã‚  a problem experienced by a person in involvement in life situations. Social or Human Rights – New Model The new definition of disability: * Emphasizes the contextual * Focuses on the role played

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Tragedy of Gay Marriage - 1757 Words

Sam Schulman’s â€Å"The Worst Thing About Gay Marriage† presents an interesting argument against gay marriage that hinges upon maintaining a traditional form of marriage. He actually claims that gay marriage is â€Å"unnecessary†(381). According to Schulman, there are 4 primary effects of marriage within his definition he calls the kinship system. First, marriage protects and controls a woman’s sexuality. Second, the possible pairings are limited by the kinship system to avoid incest or other taboos. Third, marriage creates a situation where licit sex can occur. Fourth, it places a clear divide between childhood innocence and adult, married, life. All of which is in addition to maintaining a standard family hierarchy, in which a marriage almost†¦show more content†¦Marriage has evolved over time. Once, far back in history, when states were run in close cooperation with religious leaders, a marriage was strictly the dominion of the church, and the only definition was much like the one above (though they were more lax in avoiding incest than I would suspect Schulman’s proposed structure would be). In the eyes, there had to be a system where sex would be legitimized, while women and children were protected from it and its consequences. This made sense when repeated sex acts would almost definitely cause pregnancy, and possibly spread disease. As religion and government split into different organizations, each retained a definition of marriage that was a bit different from the other. Since religion held sway over what was considered pure and good, it took it upon itself to retain the parts of the old structure that dealt with the morality and social responsibility of marriage, and this is generally considered to be a social structure of marriage. And now, the social form of marriage is migrating into being controlled by the couple who are being married instead of their church. The government, on the other hand, became ab le to define who would be able to marry and place official benefits and restrictions on a married couple, creating a legal structure of marriage that was not the same as the social one. WhileShow MoreRelatedSame Sex Marriage Should Not Be Legalized926 Words   |  4 Pagesthat people have misunderstood the meaning of marriage. Marriage is not just a term to describe relationship that are precious to us, it’s more than just a union of heart and mind; it’s an institution between a man and a women. biblically, marriage is a life time union of a man and a women, primarily for the purpose of building a family and providing a stable environments for that family (1 Corinthian 7:2 16) According to Peter Sprigg, same sex marriage should not be legalized because of its immediateRead MoreGay Marriage Should Not Be Legal934 Words   |  4 Pages Gay Marriage Should Not Be Legal It’s unfortunate that people have misunderstood the meaning of marriage. Marriage is not just a term to describe relationship that are precious to us, it’s more than just a union of heart and mind; it’s an institution between a man and a woman. Biblically, marriage is a lifetime union of a man and a woman, primarily for the purpose of building a family and providing a stable environment for that family (1 Corinthian 7:2 16) AccordingRead MoreGay Marriage Should Be Legalized Same Sex Marriage931 Words   |  4 Pagesright to marriage for same-sex couples in the state† (Jost, Gay Marriage Showdowns). However, there were people who opposed same-sex couples being allowed to marry and Proposition 8 was soon after introduced. Proposition 8 would be presented on ballots later that year and would amend the state constitution legalizing same-sex marriage and allow only for a man and a woman to be married (Jost, Gay Marriage Showdowns). However, California was not the first state to allow same-sex marriage. In 2003Read MoreCoretta Scott, Not Just the Wife of Martin Luther King Jr. Essay1441 Words   |  6 PagesRights Movement, â€Å"white supremacists bombed the King family home in Montgomery, they barely escaped the home without injury† (Academy of Achievement). As our generation now women would’ve left their husband because they do not know the reason for marriage. Coretta went to hell and high water for Martin King Jr. There was much gossip about Martin beyond the life of his family. Even though Martin was cheating, Coretta knew that being married to Martin Luther King Jr. wasn’t going to be an easy taskRead MoreConservatism, By Moises Kaufman And The Tectonic Theater Project1722 Words   |  7 Pages The play The Laramie Project by Moises Kaufman and the Tectonic Theater Project introduces some of those people who live in the quiet town of Laramie, Wyoming. It has been 18 years since the brutal murder of Matthew Shepard, a gay resident of Laramie. After that tragedy, has anything changed? One answer comes from Laramie resident Rebecca Hilliker who states in The Laramie Project: Ten Years Later by Moises Kaufman that, â€Å"On the surface things have changed†(Kaufman 116). However, what hasn’t changedRead MoreNegative Effects Of Same Sex Marriage875 Words   |  4 PagesNegative Effects of Same-Sex Marriage Introduction In the past 50 years, the American family has undergone immense changes. In the past, families remained extremely conservative and traditional families, upholding the ideal of marriage, which remained between a man and a woman. Recently, with the passing of Obergefell v. Hodges, same-sex marriage is now legal in the United States. Consequently, the idea of marriage has been redefined, and, as a result, the new legislature will now have significantRead MoreEssay On Same Sex Marriage1118 Words   |  5 PagesMarriage is an institution governed by societal values. Traditionally, it was defined as a union between individuals of the opposite sex, but this definition has changed over the years. Marriage between people of the same sex used to be regarded as unacceptable because it violated family values. However, this perception changed over time, and people became more open to same-sex marriage. On June 27, 2015, BBC News reported that same-sex marriage had gained legal recognition in all U.S. states. TheRead More##ving Our Environment, Gun Control, And Rights For The LGBT Community1216 Words   |  5 Pagespreserving our environment, gun control, and rights for the LGBT community. I feel strongly about combating climate change and building a clean energy economy. Additionally, I regard gun control to be an important matter because there have been too many tragedies caused by lenient gun laws. Finally, I believe in human rights for the LGBT community because they deserve the same rights as all Americans regardless of who they love and who they identify with. Through research of the sources provided about bothRead MoreGateways And Barriers Of The Lgbtqia Rights Movement Essay1681 Words   |  7 Pagesthought is often referred to as the New Natural Law and is outlined in the Manhattan Declaration, which is a document that the Protestant and Catholic Churches drafted jointly to explain their stance on issues such as abortion, euthanasia, and same-sex marriage. Also i n the Manhattan Declaration was the argument for religious freedom and liberty. The government entitles everyone to their right to religion. Seeing as these religions strongly disagree with the lifestyle choices of LGBTQIA members, they claimRead MoreQueer Centric Love Stories By John Bebe1234 Words   |  5 Pagesthe most common reaction follows the lines of â€Å"this is a gay story, about two gay people, and is about them being gay†, due to the lack of substance to the plot. Even if a work does have a complex plot, the public’s reaction and treatment of the work as â€Å"a gay story† is harmful to perceptions of queer life. Specifically, the manner in which many queer stories, and â€Å"Brokeback† (with the death of Jack) tragically end. These tragic ending, tragedy that is rooted in the character s sexual orientation,

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Aboriginal History Essay

Question: Write an essay about the "Aboriginal History and Archaeology". Answer: Aboriginal Australians are defined as the people who belong to "the Aboriginal race of Australia". Research shows that these aboriginal people are staying in Australia for more than 50,000 years. According to other experts, they are 65,000 years old. In 2006, the Australian Bureau of Statistics showed that 2.5% of the total Australian population is identified as Aboriginal Australians. There are some issues with these people, which are continued until date. They are land ownership, self-determination, and reconciliation. The Aboriginal population differs from the non- Aboriginal population in health, housing and education. These Aboriginal Australians have a great contribution to Australia. Such people are Noel Pearson, Albert Namatjira, Lowitja O'Donoghue, Mandawuy Yunupingu, Sir Douglas Nicholls, Linda Burney, Pat O'Shane, Pemulwuy, Barangaroo, Bennelong and so on (Read and Broome 2013). In this particular essay, the contribution of the Aboriginal Australians' culture will be discu ssed. Aboriginal Australian culture is the oldest living cultural history in the world. The major reason behind the survival of this culture for so many years is the ability of change over time and adaption of new things. This affinity along with the surroundings, explains the survival of the Aboriginal people for so many millennia. It is estimated that, before 1788, approximately 200-250 languages used to b spoken by Aboriginal Australians throughout the Australia (Keen and Beckett 2015). Each of some language groups has their traditional lads. Key boundaries and landmarks, including, rivers, lakes, mountains and other specific and natural boundaries define these lands. Cultural heritage is defined as the existed built up by a group of people, which is passed from one generation to other generation. This culture heritage serves as the proof of the birth of the culture. These cultural heritages of Aboriginal communities are kept alive in Australia, by passing their performances, rituals, arts, knowledge from one generation to another, or by protecting significant and sacred sites, cultural materials or objects or by teaching and speaking languages (Richards 2015). Land the core of belief: The land is used as the well-being of the Aboriginal community. The land is not just defined as minerals, rocks, or soil, but also it is a whole environment, which remains and is sustained by the culture and the people of that community. For these people, the land is the base for all spirituality. Now days, this spirit of 'country' and the relationship are the main issues among other issues, which are crucial to Aboriginal people today. All of these people were semi-nomadic gatherers or hunters (Cohen 2013). They have their territory, where they live in. These territories are also called as traditional lands. These traditional lands are defined by geographic boundaries like mountains, lakes, and rivers. They cared, understood the other environments, and adopted in their environments. According to these communities, they cultivate their land in such a way that it is different from the cultivation of white men. They tried hard to live in that land where people did not agree to live. Th ey are taught to preserve, but they do not know to destroy. The knowledge of the land of these Aboriginal communities is connected to their exceptional tracking skills, which are based on their gather and hunter life. These skills include the ability to search the sources of fish and water, to locate and identify the edible plants, and to track down the animals (Davis 2013). National parks: National parks serve as significant sites for Aboriginal communities, such as artwork and rock engravings. National parks also have certain significances due to the Dreaming stories along with those sites. The National Parks management recognizes the intrinsic relationship between Aboriginal people and their country. Often the lads are less distributed by European settlement. Often these land areas have been left intact or relatively become inaccessible. Sometimes they are not suitable for European agricultural practices. Wildlife Service programs and National Parks often run together with the association of Aboriginal communities and Traditional Owners (Taffe and Broome 2015). They make sure of the involvement of the state and national parks to be a part of processes. This helps in the contribution of enterprise and employment development, title training, and resolution of native, cultural, recognition, respect and reconciliation awareness. They also support in cooperative managemen t and Aboriginal heritage of the wildlife and parks. Diversity location and languages: These Aborigines communities are identified by their land areas, their relationship to others and through their stories and language. They express their stories and languages through sports, religion, family, arts and ceremony. This cultural heritage is carried from one generation to the other generation. When European arrived, then there were approximately 600 different nations or clan groups surrounding the continent with distinctive beliefs and cultures (Holland and Paisley 2013). Their territory extends from harsh dessert surroundings to lush woodland areas. Various groups of those wide range territories developed various skills and built up a unique knowledge body based on their surroundings. Everybody in this kinship system is placed in a particular relationship to each one as well as the special relationships with the land depend on upon their kin or clan. These relationships have responsibilities and roles associated with them. Marriage decision is influenced by this kinship, and much of everyday's behaviors are governed by the adult people. They know how and I what way to behave with all other surrounding people as well as respective to specific land areas. Kinship is based on meeting the obligations of one's forms and clan, which is a part of Aboriginal Law, sometimes known as the Dreaming (Read and Reece 2015). Language is very crucial to understand the Aboriginal heritage as their maximum history is the oral history. Although many of those languages become extinct still, hundreds of dialects and languages are existed until now. The geographical location and the language meaning are utilized to recognize different groups. Adaptation of technology and tools: Various implements and tools are the reflections of different groups in different geographical location. For example, the tribes of the deserts used stone tips, where as the coastal tribe utilized fishbone to target their weapons. Though the tools were ranged from location and group, still all Aboriginal people had spears, axe-heads, scrapers, knives and different vessels for drinking and eating and also had digging sticks. With the help of the stone technology, the Aboriginal people first achieved to world (Fox 2012). They first introduced ground edges to grind seed or to cut the tools. These stone tools were utilized in many ways, like in preparing of animal skins, in wood chopping, in preparing and getting food, and in making other tools. After English colonization and European discovery, the Aboriginal people quickly understood the advantages of incorporating ceramics, glass, and metal. They provided a very sharp edge and needed few resharpening. They were easy to work with. Dreaming stories and sacred sites: In the most Dreaming stories, the ancestor spirits came to the earth in human form. They created different forms of the land, like rocks, plants, animals as they move through the lands. They also created the relationships between individuals and groups to the people, animals, and lands. After the creation of the world by the ancestor spirits, the world had changed into other objects, like watering holes, rocks, the stars, trees, etc (Dixon et al 2012). These places are recognized as sacred places of Aboriginal community, and these places are associated with specific properties. At the end of this Dreaming process, these ancestors did not vanish but stay remained in those sacred places. Dreaming is a never-ending process, as it links the present with the past and the land with the people. According to Aboriginal people, the sacred place is the land. Through the initiation process, the knowledge of those sacred places was learned. An understanding of the Aboriginal law was gained from this knowledge. It is not a public knowledge by definition. Due to this reason, the existence of many sites is not highlighted to the maximum world till they are threatened. The most famous sacred place in Australia is Uluru. It is located in the southwest of Alice Springs and at the center of Australia. The European explorers called it as Ayers Rock. Inside this rock, there are caves, which are covered with Aboriginal paintings (Furphy and Heartfield 2012). The Commonwealth Government of Australia In 1985, returned Uluru to Yankunytjatjara and Pitjantjatjara people, the traditional owners. Performance ceremony, dance, songs and music: The cultural core of the life of these communities is many ceremonial performances. For example, in Tiwi Islanders, the performances are associated with all aspects of painting, sculpture, body decoration, dance, song, art, etc. like previous days, today also this dance, song, music play a crucial role in the life of the Aboriginal customs and community. They have songs for each occasion, where some of these were expressed through special programs. The exchange of dances and songs take place at a big ceremonial gathering, where many people gather. In these gatherings, exchanging of the trade goods takes place (Clendinnen 2012). These kinds of ceremonies occur at a place and time, where plenty of foods are available. In the ceremonies, dance is a unique aspect. The dance is learned and then carried from one generation to another. Unlike singing and painting, dancing should be learned at very early age. The people have to be knowledgeable about the historical stories of the ancestral h eroes to know the dancing. Through dancing form, the large group of these people demonstrates their clan rights in front of an audience. Sometimes dancing is done for entertainment or fun in any gathering. The people express their love for kin and families through dancing. Due to this reason, in some communities dance is performed at the end of the day (Taylor 2013). Visual Arts: The variety and quality of Aboriginal community's art reflect the diversity and richness of their culture today. The differences are observed between geographic landscapes, dialects, languages, and tribes. The dot paintings were emerged from the western deserts of Central Australia by the Aboriginal people in 1970s. This painting is known as the greatest art movement in the twentieth century. Before that, anthropologists gather various cultural materials of this community. Consequently, these collections were found in natural history museums or university departments worldwide (Hokari 2013). However, they are not found in art galleries. These all changes occurred at a place named Papunya. From this place, the Papunya Tula art movement of the Western Desert became famous. This art works vary with wide ranges, like from canvas to paper or glass and fiber. The story of these art works tells the experiences and history of those artists. It reflects the influence of churches and governmen ts, a struggle for survival and customary trading patterns. According to the report of the Statistics Working Group of Cultural Ministers' Council in 2007, more than a quarter of the Aboriginal population is involved in creative arts. This involvement is observed as both in females as males (Rubinstein 2015). Tourism: Recently, Aboriginal tourism has emerged as an industry. The diverse experiences and tours of this community promote Aboriginal lifestyle and culture. These experiences are available for the travelers throughout the Australia (Davis 2014). Travel experiences start from the dance performances to organized tour. It also ranges from the opportunity of staying in the Aboriginal land and experiencing the daily lives of those people to purchasing of the traditional art pieces. Business ranges from high commercial, professional tourism and operation projects to small enterprising individuals. Local land councils own and finance these big projects. To conclude this essay, it can be told that, the Aboriginal community has great contribution in the Australian society through their customs and cultures. The interest for the Aboriginal culture is growing up in the overseas visitors or Australian retirees. Tourism in the Aboriginal community is appeared as an important and practical way to provide an economic base for the prosperity of this community and to support this traditional heritage. References: Clendinnen, I., 2012.Dancing with strangers: the true history of the meeting of the British first fleet and the Aboriginal Australians, 1788. Canongate Books. Cohen, M.G., 2013. Indigenous women and work: From labor to activism [Book Review].Aboriginal History,37, p.161. Davis, M., 2013. Encountering Aboriginal knowledge: Explorer narratives on north-east Queensland, 1770 to 1820.Aboriginal History, pp.29-50. Davis, M., 2014. Dark Emu, black seeds: Agriculture or accident [Book Review]. Dixon, S., Leitner, G. and Malcolm, I.G., 2012. The Habitat of Australia's Aboriginal Languages: Past, Present and Future. Fox, K., 2012. Indifferent inclusion: Aboriginal people and the Australian nation [Book Review].Aboriginal History,36, p.219. Furphy, S. and Heartfield, J., 2012. The Aborigines' Protection Society: Humanitarian Imperialism in Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Canada, South Africa and the Congo 1836-1909. Hokari, M., 2013. Globalising Aboriginal Reconciliation: Indigenous Australians and Asian (Japanese) Migrants.Cultural Studies Review,9(2), pp.84-101. Holland, A. and Paisley, F., 2013. The Lone Protestor: AM Fernando in Australia and Europe. Keen, I. and Beckett, J., 2015. Encounters with Indigeneity: Writing about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples. Read, P. and Broome, R., 2013. Aboriginal Australians: A History since 1788. Read, P. and Reece, B., 2015. The Invincibles. New Norcia's Aboriginal cricketers 1879-1906. Richards, J., 2015. Warrior: A legendary leader's dramatic life and violent death on the Colonial Frontier [Book Review].Aboriginal History,39, p.305. Rubinstein, M.A., 2015.Taiwan: A new history. Routledge. Taffe, S. and Broome, R., 2015. Fighting Hard: The Victorian Aborigines Advancement League. Taylor, R., 2013. Genocide, Extinction and Aboriginal Selfà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ determination in Tasmanian Historiography.History Compass,11(6), pp.405-418.